Jiangsu, the biggest province of China, is called “Su” for short and located on China’s east coast. In 1667, it was established because of the east-and-west separation of Jiangnan Administration Commission. The name of the province is the abbreviation of the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Jiangning, Huaian, Yangzhou, Xuzhou, Haizhou and Tongzhou” and the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Suzhou, Songjiang, Changshu, Zhenjiang and Taicang”. Located on the coast, Jiangsu is a place of rivers, enjoying prosperous economy, advanced education and flourishing culture. As a province crossing the south and north of the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, it possesses the cultural and geographical features of 4 regions including Kingdom of Wu, Jinling, Huaiyang and Central Plain. The ancient Kingdom of Xu in the Central Plain went through 3 dynasties including Xia, Shang and Zhou. For over 1,000 years, the people in the Kingdom of Xu created brilliant Xu Culture, forming unsophisticated folk custom of the Kingdom of Xu. The glorious history and brilliant culture of the Kingdom of Xu glow constantly like a shining gemstone. The history of the Kingdom of Xu in the Huaihe River Basin and the history of the Kingdom of Wu in the Yangtze River Basin together constitute the ancient history of Jiangsu. The Xu Culture, Wu Culture and the culture in the transition regions of Xu and Wu make up the ancient culture of Jiangsu. Jiangsu is the birthplace of Chinese Wu Culture and a place where people inhabited several hundred thousand years ago. Over 6,000 years ago, the original villages appeared near the Taihu Lake, Xuzhou and Hongze Lake, where the primitive agricultural production started. Over 3,000 years ago, the smelting and forging technology of bronze wares in Jiangsu had reached a high level. From 3rd to 6th century, Nanjing had become the economic and cultural center of south China. After the 7th to 10th century, Chinese economic center moved southward, hence the saying “the economy of China depends on Jiangnan”. Then Yangzhou became an important hub for the communication of the south and north. After the 14th century to the middle of the 17th century, Suzhou had become the most prosperous city of industry and commerce and the cultural center in the nation, and places including Nanjing and Suzhou had become the birthplace of capitalism germination in China. In the late years of the 19th century, modern industries including silk weaving, silk reeling, textile, flour and coal mining had successively emerged in Wuxi, Suzhou and Changzhou, and the textile industry of Suzhou had enjoyed the world-known reputation. Jiangsu is endowed with not only rich tourism resources but also plenty of historic sites. Based on the Yangtze River, the Grand Canal, the Taihu Lake and the coast, Jiangsu has developed unique tourism resources of “taking the water as the major elements and being well-known for the mountain-water group”. The tourism attractions of Jiangsu include renowned tourist resorts such as the historical site of 6 dynasties, Classical Gardens of Suzhou, landscape of the Taihu Lake, Bamboo Sea of Yixing, historic relics of Qin and Han dynasties in Xuzhou, mountains and waters in the seaside city Lianyungang, plain landscape of Huai’an, beautiful scenes of water town Zhouzhuang. Not only abundant humanistic landscape resources but also magnificent natural landscape with the combination of mountains, rivers and the sky can be found in Jiangsu, Abundant tourism resources of mountains, rivers, holes and springs are available here. Visitors traveling here can enjoy such sceneries: the Yangtze River flowing from the west to the east; the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal crossing the southern and northern parts of China; the vast and misty Taihu Lake and Hongze Lake; picturesque and delicate Slender West Lake; Xuanwu Lake; Yunlong Lake as well as Langshan Mountain; Jinshan Mountain; Beigu Mountain along the Yangtze River and the magnificent Zijin Mountain as well as the mysterious Mountain of Flowers and Fruits; the fantastic Shanjuan Hole, Zhanggong Hole, Linggu Hole, Muli Hole, and Xishi Hole; Zhongling Spring (Zhenjiang), Huishan Spring (Wuxi), Tangshan Spring, Jiangpu Hot Spring and Pukou Pearl Spring.
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