Datong is among the first batch of famous historic and cultural cities and one of the nine ancient capitals in China. Datong is the second largest city in Shanxi. It is a regionally central city in North China, a national heavy chemical industry and energy industry base, as well as an influential city in the world. It has been reputed as “Capital of Chinese Sculpture”, “Phoenix City” and “Capital of Coal”. It is located in the center of Datong Basin in the north of Shanxi and at the northeastern edge of Loess Plateau. Yungang Grottoes, one of the three world heritages of Shanxi, and Mount Heng, one of the top five mountains known as “a soaring mountain in Northern China” are situated here. Datong has an area of 14,176 km2 in total, accounting for 9.1% of the total area of Shanxi. It has a population of 3,310,000 in total (in 2011) with the population density of 226 people/km2. Datong originates from the ancient Datongchuan of Zhou Dynasty, which is one of the rest areas for wild geese in the midway from south to north or the other way around. The Chinese word “Da” is the combination of the flying formation (like the Chinese word “Yi” and “Ren”).
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