As China's third largest city, Guangzhou, or Sui for short, is situated in central southern Guangdong, and on the central northern edge of the Pearl River Delta. It is China's southern gate, one of China's central cities, an international metropolis, one of China's 3 largest comprehensive portal cities, a famous port city in the world, one of China's economic, financial, trade, shipping, and exhibition centers, the political, military, cultural, and science and education center in southern China, and one of China's comprehensive transportation hubs. In fact, the city's social, economic, and cultural influence even extends across Southeast Asia. Guangzhou began as a settlement over 2,000 years ago. It is a National-level Famous Historical and Cultural City, one of China's earliest trading ports to engage in foreign trade, and one of the starting points of the Maritime Silk Road, which has earned the city a reputation as a "Thousand-year Business Metropolis." Guangzhou is a place that typically represents Lingnan culture, as well as the place where Guangfu culture rose to prominence. As one of the major points through which China conducts foreign trade, Guangzhou hosts a lot of foreigners, hence the nickname of "Third Capital of the World." In fact, it is the city to which the largest number of overseas Chinese is tied in China, and ranks among the "Beijing-Shanghai-Guangzhou trio." Guangzhou has a moderate climate and stays green and beautiful throughout the year. It has long been labeled a "Flower City." Guangzhou is known as one of China's important tourism cities thanks to its favorable natural environment and its unique culture and custom associated with southern China. In 1996 Guangzhou officially selected 10 best scenic spots, which are Baiyueguan Ancestral Shrine, Yuntai Park, Wuyang Asgard--Zhenhai Tower, Xinhai Lights, World Sights, Lianhuaxiaoqing, Traveling East--Loving It, Xiguan Business Corridor, and Liuronghua Tower. Some other scenic spots include Sanyuanli, Huanghua Mound, Sun Yat-sen's Memorial Hall, Baiyun Mountain, Yuexiu Mountain, Lizhi Bay, Guangxiao Tower, and Guang Tower. The "Eight Sights of Guangzhou" are "The Rising Sun above the Red Mausoleum" (Hong Ling Xu Ri), "Loyalty of Pearl River" (Hai Zhu Dan Xin), "Bird's-eye View of Yuexiu Mountain" (Yue Xiu Yuan Tiao), "Misty Rain on Twin Bridges" (Shuang Qiao Yan Yu), "A Spring Sunrise above Dongshan Lake" (Dong Hu Chun Xiao), "Moonlight on Bai'etan" (E Tan Ye Yue), "Soughing of the Wind in the Pines on Baiyun Mountain" (Bai Yun Song Tao), and "Luogang Xiangxue"(Luo Gang Xiang Xue). As a unique-styled city, Guangzhou is where the essence of both Chinese and Western cultures merges, which has given rise to a special version of Lingnan culture in the city. Lingnan culture is reflected in many respects, including Lingnan school of painting, Lingnan architecture, Lingnan gardening, Lingnan miniature gardening, Guangdong music, Cantonese opera, Cantonese cuisine, Cantonese, and Guangzhou's urban landscape and living habits. Guangzhou is popularly known as a "Land of Fruits," where litchi, banana, papaya, and pineapple, or the "top 4 fruits of Lingnan," abound. After you have tasted these delicious fruits you will surely understand why "People will live in the Lingnan region forever if they can eat 300 litchi fruits every day," as a popular saying goes. And Cantonese cuisine is also very delicious.
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