Hebei, Ji for short, has Shijiazhuang as its provincial capital. Under the jurisdiction of the States of Zhao and Yan almost throughout the Warring States Period, Hebei gained its name of Yanzhao. Located in northern China, Hebei lies to the north of the Zhang River, borders on the Bohai Sea to the east, and almost encircles Beijing and Tianjin completely. The province, covering an area of 188,800 km2, extends westward into the Taihang Mountains, and has the Yan Mountains and Zhangbei Plateau to the north in its northern part, with the Hebei Plain constituting its remaining part. Hebei shares borders with Shandong and Henan to the southeast and to the south, respectively, with Shanxi to the west along the Taihang Mountains, with Inner Mongolia to the northwest, and with Liaoning to the northeast. There are 11 prefecture-level cities, including Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, and Handan, with Shijiazhuang as its capital. Hebei is the only province that possesses all the major types of terrain, i.e., plateau, mountain, hill, plain, lake, and coast. Hebei is a major producer of grain and cotton in China. Located in China’s Central Plains, Hebei boasts extensive and profound culture heritage and it is a region that has given birth to a multitude of heroes in Chinese history, as a popular saying that has been passed down from ancient times goes that “Yanzhao” is a region where legendary heroes emerge in large numbers. Hebei is a major Chinese province in terms of cultural relics. In fact, there are currently 168 National Key Cultural Sites across the province, which has earned Hebei a third place among all Chinese provinces. Specifically, Baoding, the most cultural relic-rich city in Hebei, has 47 such sites. Handan, Baoding, Chengde, Shanhai Pass, and Zhengding are the five National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities of Hebei. Among Hebei’s famous cultural relics are Baoding Daci Pavilion, Zhili Provincial Governor Office, Qingxi Mausoleum, Mancheng Han-Dynasty Mausoleum, Dingzhou Pagoda, the archaeological site of the city of the king of the State of Zhao, Handan Congtai, Nüwa Temple in She County, the Former Site of the 129th Division in She County, Jingzhou Pagoda (Stupa in Jing County), Northern Qi Dynasty Gao Graves, Qingdong Mausoleum in Tangshan City, Iron Lions in Cangzhou City, Zhaozhou Bridge, Longxing Temple in Zhengding County, Kaiyuan Temple in Xingtai City, Mausoleums of Tang Dynasty in Longyao County, the Ruins of Xing from the Shang Dynasty, and Bian Que Temple in Neiqiu County. At present there are 5 National 5A Level Scenic Spots in Hebei, namely Xibaipo Scenic Spot, Baiyangdian Lake Scenic Spot in Anxin County, Yesanpo Scenic Spot in Laishui County, Shanhai Pass Scenic Spot, and Mountain Resort in Chengde City. Other famous scenic spots include the Hengshui Lake National Natural Reserve, Xingtai Grand Canyon, and the Former Site of the 129th Division in She County.
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