Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The museum was built at the site where the first effort to excavate the Terracotta Army from newly discovered pits had taken place. The pits holding the terracotta warriors and horses and other artifacts, placed in the pits to protect Emperor Qin Shi Huang, were discovered in 1974, and are hailed as the "Eighth Wonder of the World" as well as "one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century." Of the great number of pits known to exist, there are three pits already excavated, which together form a "triangular" arrangement. Arrayed inside the 3 pits, which cover more than 20,000 m2 in all, are a great many life-size artifacts of historical significance, including over 7,000 terracotta warriors and horses. Built at the original excavation site, the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses began to be formally opened to the public in 1979. Its major sites of interest include Terracotta Pits 1, 2 and 3, an exhibition hall for terracotta horses and bronze chariots, and other related temporary exhibitions. As a major attraction of Shaanxi Province and even China's tourism industry, the museum has so far received more than 70 million visits from both domestic and foreign visitors, including nearly 200 heads of state and senior foreign government officials. The UNESCO put the Emperor Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum in the "World Heritage List" in 1987, thereby making the mausoleum the only World Heritage Site in Shaanxi Province.
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