Jokhang Temple
Jokhang Temple, also called Tsuglagkhang and Sakya Buddha Hall with the meaning of Buddha hall in Zang language, sits at the heart of Lhasa City. First built in the heydays of Tubo Dynasty in the seventh century, namely the 21st year under the Reign of Emperor Zhenguan of Tang Dynasty (year 647), Jokhang Temple enjoys an overwhelming position in Tibetan Buddhism. It was included into the name list of World cultural heritage in 2000 as one extension project to Potala Palace. Its main shrine hall faces west, demonstrating highly different architecture layout from that of Han people’s temples. Standing high with four floors, the main shrine hall is matched with the side hall at both sides, vividly rending the ideal pattern of Mandala as narrated by Buddhism scriptures (please refer to e-ticket of Jokhang Temple). Consisting of Buddha halls in worship of Sakyamuni, Tsongkhapa, Srongtsen Gampo, Bandanlamu (the Dharma Protector in Gelug School of Buddhism), Yale Remujiemu, and Tibetan King, the Jokhang Temple is abundant with splendid wood carvings and frescos, and flowing with the aroma of yak butter. In this sacred venue, Tibetan people are engaged in the Buddhism rituals with great devotion and dedication. It is worthy of mentioning that the statue of Sakyamuni at 12 year old shrined in Jokhang Temple today is the one brought by Wencheng Princess along her westwards journey. While the statue of Sakyamuni at 8 year old was transferred from the temple to Ramoche Temple in the eighth century and unfortunately destroyed during the chaos days in Cultural Revolution. The wooden statue of Sakyamuni brought by Bhrkuti Princess into Tibet was placed within the mud-made Buddha statue. It was said Strongtsen Gampo entered into the statue after incarnating into rays.
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