Longmen Grottoes Scenic Spot in Luoyang City
Formed by the Yi River enclosed by two hills ranges of Longmen Mountain and Xiangshan Mountain in the southern suburbs of Luoyang City, Longmen Grottoes is one of China’s stone carving art treasure houses and one national 5A level scenic spot. It was first excavated during Emperor Xiaowen’s reign in the Northern Wei Dynasty and was continuously built on a large scale in other dynasties like Eastern Wei Dynasty, Western Wei Dynasty, Northern Qi Dynasty, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Five Dynasties and Song Dynasty, totally lasting over 400 years, with a length of 1 km from south to north. Currently, there are 2,345 niches for Buddha, over 100,000 statues and over 2,800 calligraphic inscriptions. Among them, “Twenty Inscriptions of Longmen Grottoes” are the essence of tablet inscriptions of the Northern Wei Dynasty, and “Yique Buddhist Altar monument” by Zhu Suiliang is the model of regular script art at the beginning of Tang Dynasty. Lasting for many dynasties, Longmen Grottoes shows great development and changes in many fields such as politics, economy, religion and culture in ancient China with a large number of object images and written materials from different aspects, and has contributed significantly to the innovation and development of Chinese grotto art. In 2000, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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